Seen in all crops since ancient times, vine has always been related to Human’s life. Vine was consumed for its fruit, grape, by the population around the edges of Mediterranean Sea, before going to the wine production. Symbol of God’s greed, lay wine on face, had the power to give radiance to the skin and to brighten complexion. Once viticulture spread around the world, grape came back on tables, where it was appreciated for its remarkable virtues delicious as well as medicinal.
Vine is a growing shrub, with a bark peeling as strips and with segmented shoots without tendrils, which can reach 35 meters high. Its large leaves are alternates, cut in toothed lobe and green. Its flowers, clustered in grape, develop at the opposite of leaves and com before fruits. Fruits grow in grapes, from 15 to 300 berries (called grape), from 6 millimeters to 3 centimeters long, depending on species. Their fleshy pulp can be black, red to light green or amber-yellow, and can contain 4 seeds.
Grape and its seeds are specifically rich in polyphenols (mostly procyanidolic oligomers), conferring them many benefits and properties. They contribute to improve health (anti-inflammatory effect, cardiovascular protection). In cosmetic, they allow to assure protection and hair growth. They are also benefits for the skin thanks to their antioxidant power, and very useful for antiaging cares. Moreover, they have an astringent, moisturizing, soothing action and help to improve cutaneous microcirculation.